New research has found that students benefit more from being taught the concepts behind math problems rather than the exact procedures to solve the problems. The findings offer teachers new insights on how best to shape math instruction to have the greatest impact on student learning.
Illusionary relationships with the characters and personalities on favourite TV shows can provide people with feelings of belonging, even in the face of low self esteem or after being rejected by friends or family members. The research provides evidence for the ‘social surrogacy hypothesis,’ which holds that humans can use technologies, like television, to provide the experience of belonging when no real belongingness has been experienced.
Researchers have found that cognitive behavioural therapy is helpful for short-term improvement in anger and aggression in adolescents with Tourette syndrome (TS). Parents reported a decrease of 52% in disruptive behaviour in the anger management group, compared with a decrease of 11% in the control group. Clinicians who were unaware of the treatment rated 69% of the children who completed anger management training as improved, compared with 15% in the control group.
Botox, by preventing you from frowning, may make you happier. Patients who had received Botox treatment to the forehead were found to be significantly less depressed, anxious and irritable than the other group, which had different forms of cosmetic treatment. These results support the theory that our expressions feed back and impact on our emotions. By preventing you from frowning, botox injections prevent the expression of negative emotions, resulting in a happier mood.